Teleostei (teleosts) > Gymnotiformes
(Knifefishes) > Apteronotidae
(Ghost knifefishes) > Apteronotinae
Etymology: Sternarchella: Greek, sternon = sternon, + Greek, diminutive, archos = anus (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Steindachner.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Amazon and Orinoco basins.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36886)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: presence of a large eye, eye diameter 7-10% HL (vs. 6-9% HL) (shared with S. patriciae); with an ossified third basibranchial; 4-5 curved displaced hemal spines; an elongate swim bladder that extends beyond the posterior limit of the body cavity (Ref. 126780).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Evans, K.M., W.G.R. Crampton and J.S. Albert, 2017. Taxonomic revision of the deep channel electric fish genus Sternarchella (Teleostei: Gymnotiformes: Apteronotidae), with descriptions of two new species. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 15(2):1-30. (Ref. 126780)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00355 (0.00145 - 0.00871), b=3.06 (2.85 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100).