(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sciaenidae
(Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Leiostomus: Greek, leios = smooth + Greek,stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Lacepède.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
laut; payau dasar (demersal); oceanodromus (Ref. 51243); kisaran kedalaman ? - 60 m (Ref. 10325). Subtropical; 43°N - 19°N
Western Atlantic: Massachusetts to northern Mexico; absent in southern Florida.
Size / Weight / umur
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 36.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 7251); common length : 25.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 3702); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 450.00 g (Ref. 40637); Umur maksimum dilaporkan: 4 Tahun (Ref. 12193)
Found usually over sandy or muddy bottoms in coastal waters to about 60 m depth. Occurs in nursery and feeding grounds in river estuaries during summer and fall. Juveniles often stay in the estuarine waters throughout the year. Feeds mainly on worms, small crustaceans and organic detritus. A small specimen of this species was caught in Tokyo Bay, Japan, probably brought in with the ballast water of a ship (Ref. 10325).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 126983)
ancaman kepada manusia
Perikanan: komersial; umpan: occasionally
muat turun XML