Paraphanius mento, Pearl-spotted killifish : aquarium

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Paraphanius mento (Heckel, 1843)

Pearl-spotted killifish
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> Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Aphaniidae (Oriental killifishes)
Etymology: Paraphanius: Name from the Greek word 'Para' meaning 'near, resembling', and Aphanius, from the Greek word 'Aphanus' meaning 'invisible', a genus of tooth-carp fish, referring to its phylogenetic position being sister to Aphanius and Aphaniops (Ref. 125310).
More on author: Heckel.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoet water benthopelagisch; standvastig. Subtropical; 10°C - 25°C (Ref. 2060)

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Asia: Iran, Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon and Turkey.

Grootte / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.0 cm TL mannelijk / geslacht onbekend; (Ref. 27139)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 9-14; Anale zachte stralen: 9 - 13; Wervels: 25 - 26. This species is distinguished by the following: scales along the body 23-28; D 9-14: A 9-13; pectoral fins 12-16; pelvic fin rays 4-6; total gill rakers 11-15; jaw teeth display a long middle cusp and short lateral cusps; otoliths triangular in shape, have a prominent rostrum, and a straight sulcus; vertebrae 25-26, in the vertebral column with 5 preural vertebrae (PU1–5) with long haemal and neural spines, the presence of a small plate in front of the spines of PU5, flank scales are squarish to a vertical oval in general shape; no pelvic axillary scale; gut is s-shaped (Ref. 125310).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (bv. epibenthic)

Found in shallow water among vegetation, where it feeds on insect larvae, crustaceans, and algae. Breeds during the warmer months of the year. (Ref. 13609). 8 cm max TL (Ref. 11028). Not a seasonal killifish. Is easy to maintain in the aquarium (Ref. 27139).

Levenscyclus en paargedrag Maturiteit | Voortplanting | Paaien | Eieren | Fecunditeit | Larven

Hoofdreferentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Esmaeili, H.R., A. Teimori, F. Zarei and G. Sayyadzadeh, 2020. DNA barcoding and species delimitation of the Old World tooth-carps, family Aphaniidae Hoedeman, 1949 (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes). PLoS One 15(4):e0231717 (Ref. 125310)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 126983)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 11 March 2013

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaar voor de mens

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

Aquarium: Commercieel
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AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Bekijk FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genus, Soort(en) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genoom, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Nationale databanken | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: ga naar, zoek | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Fylogenetische diversiteitsindex (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00437 - 0.02085), b=3.21 (3.03 - 3.39), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trofisch niveau (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).