Pristis pectinata, Smalltooth sawfish : fisheries, gamefish

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Pristis pectinata Latham, 1794

Smalltooth sawfish
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Pristis pectinata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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板鰓亜鋼(サメとエイ類) (sharks and rays) > Rhinopristiformes (Shovelnose rays) > Pristidae (Sawfishes)
Etymology: Pristis: Greek, pristis = saw (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 新鮮な水; 汽水性の 底生の; 両側回遊性 (Ref. 51243); 深さの範囲 10 - 88 m (Ref. 114953). Subtropical; 16°C - 30°C; 44°N - 37°S, 180°W - 180°E

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Circumglobal (Ref. 4429). Western Atlantic: North Carolina (USA), Bermuda and northern Gulf of Mexico (Ref. 7251) to Argentina (Ref. 58839); Caribbean Sea: rare in Bermuda (Ref. 26938); eastern Atlantic: Gibraltar to Namibia; possibly in the Mediterranean Sea (Ref. 9859; though not reported since 1902, Ref. 116564); Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Philippines (Ref. 9859). Possibly occurring in the eastern Pacific (Ref. 9859).

サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 760 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 6871); common length : 550 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 6871); 最大公表体重: 350.0 kg (Ref. 3164)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

Diagnosis: Pristis pectinata is easily separable from Pristis perotteti by the following characters: its first dorsal fin originates about over the origin of its pelvic fins vs. considerably in front of origin of pelvic fins in P. perotteti; its caudal fin is much shorter, but broader relative to the length of the fin, with lower lobe only faintly indicated; its rostral teeth are numerous, 23 or more on each side vs. not more than 20 in P. perotteti; its saw is relatively somewhat shorter; its second dorsal fin has the posterior margin much less deeply concave; and its pectoral fins are smaller (Ref. 6902, 81624). Pristis pectinata agrees with Pristis pristis in the shape of its caudal fin and in the position of the first dorsal fin relative to the pelvic fins, but it can be separated from P. pristis by its more numerous rostral teeth, 23 or more on each side vs. less than 20 (Ref. 6902, 81624).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Inshore and intertidal species, but may cross deep water to reach offshore islands; also ascends rivers and can tolerate fresh water (Ref. 9859). Commonly seen in bays, lagoons, estuaries, and river mouths. Also found in rivers and lakes (Ref. 12951). Feeds on fishes and shellfishes (Ref. 58784). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Gravid females reportedly carry as many as 20 embryos, which require a year of gestation (Ref. 27549). Uses its saw to stir the bottom when feeding on bottom invertebrates and to kill pelagic fishes (Ref. 9859). Utilized as a food fish; oil is used to make medicine, soap and in leather tanning (Ref. 6871). Adults stuffed for decoration (Ref. 6871). Reported to be aggressive towards sharks when kept in tanks (Ref. 12951). This species is currently protected in several areas as populations are under severe threat (Ref. 81624).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

Ovoviviparous, with gravid females containing about 15-20 embryos (Ref. 3163). Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Gives birth in shallow bays and estuaries (Ref. 12951). Size at birth 61 cm (Ref. 12951).

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター : McEachran, John | 協力者

Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens, 1994. Sharks and rays of Australia. CSIRO, Australia. 513 p. (Ref. 6871)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 125652)

  絶滅寸前の危機的状況 (CR) (A2cd); Date assessed: 05 June 2012

CITES


人間に対する脅威

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 6871)





Human uses

水産業: 少数商業の; ゲームフィッシュ: はい
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共通名の
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成熟
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シガテラ(食中毒の名前)
速度
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Otoliths

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 22.9 - 28, mean 27.1 °C (based on 776 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5234   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00407 (0.00161 - 0.01032), b=3.02 (2.80 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.80 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 32.3 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  低い, 4.5年~14年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Fec=15).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (84 of 100).
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.