Clupeonella engrauliformis, Anchovy sprat : fisheries

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Clupeonella engrauliformis (Borodin, 1904)

Anchovy sprat
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Image of Clupeonella engrauliformis (Anchovy sprat)
Clupeonella engrauliformis
Picture by FAO

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Ehiravinae
Etymology: Clupeonella: Latin, clupea = sardine, derived from Clupeus = shield; diminutive (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Borodin.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 半咸淡水 大洋性; 深度上下限 0 - 78 m (Ref. 188). 溫帶; 44°N - 35°N, 46°E - 54°E (Ref. 188)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Former USSR and Asia: central and southern parts of the Caspian Sea.
前蘇聯與亞洲: 裡海的中部與南部。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.5 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 593); common length : 12.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 188); 最大体重: 26.00 g (Ref. 593)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 13-21; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 12 - 23. Body slender; head short and wide; belly rounded, with 23 to 31 scutes. Pectoral fin tips rounded. Last 2 anal fin rays enlarged; Pterotic bulla absent. No notch at the center of the upper jaw. Females slightly larger than males.
身体细长的; 头部短与宽的; 腹面圆形的, 与 23 到 31个鳞甲。 胸鳍顶端圆的。 最后 2个臀鳍棘条增大了; 翼的文件印章不存在。 在上颌的中心的没有凹槽。 雌性略大超过雄性。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs mainly in the open sea, occasionally approaching the shore and sometimes forming large schools. Rises to the surface in the spring months, but descending to as much as 78 m in late summer (apparently rising again in October-November, but descending once more in winter). Breeds intermittently from end of April to November, mainly in July, in the open sea.

主要生活在开放海域, 偶然地接近海岸与有时形成大群鱼群。 在春天数个月上升到水面, 但是在夏末下降到高达 78 公尺.(显然地在十月至十一月再次上升, 但是再次下降冬天时) 在开放海域中,从四月底到十一月间歇地繁殖,主要在七月。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

前蘇聯與亞洲: 裡海的中部與南部。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 125652)

  濒危 (EN) (A2bde); Date assessed: 31 May 2018

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | 周边海洋

更多信息

俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
体长-频率
形态测量图
型态特徵
仔鱼
稚鱼动力学
入添量
丰度
BRUVS
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Nutrients
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

工具

特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00235 - 0.01070), b=2.97 (2.78 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 3.9 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Fec=9,986-53,430).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Low.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 25.5 [7.8, 91.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.353 [0.116, 1.248] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.7 [15.7, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.528 [0.217, 1.418] g/100g ; Selenium = 1.56 [0.47, 5.86] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 19.1 [5.1, 70.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.648 [0.325, 1.708] mg/100g (wet weight);