Teleostei (teleosts) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Scaridae
(Parrotfishes) > Sparisomatinae
Etymology: Sparisoma: Latin, sparus = a fish with a golden head + Greek, soma = body (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 30 m (Ref. 40827). Tropical
Southwest Atlantic: endemic to Brazil and its oceanic islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 39.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40827)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Similar to S. viride but distinguished by the distinctive color pattern of the TP specimens; S. amplum is without yellow area on caudal peduncle ('stoplight') and without yellow spot at the angle of opercle (Ref. 40827).
Occurs in oceanic islands, dwelling mainly in shallow and turbulent areas on coral, algal and rocky reefs. Occurs in smaller groups in deeper habitats (Ref. 40827).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Moura, R.L., J.L. de Figueiredo and I. Sazima, 2001. A new parrotfish (Scaridae) from Brazil, and revalidation of Sparisoma amplum (Ranzani, 1842), Sparisoma frondosum (Agassiz, 1831), Sparisoma axillare (Steindachner, 1878) and Scarus trispinosus Valenciennes, 1840. Bull. Mar. Sci. 68(3):505-524. (Ref. 40827)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 22.9 - 27.6, mean 26.6 °C (based on 209 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00935 - 0.02687), b=3.13 (2.99 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 48 [28, 91] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.675 [0.370, 1.133] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.3 [16.1, 20.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.102 [0.060, 0.164] g/100g ; Selenium = 31.5 [18.4, 58.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 53.4 [16.3, 171.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.68 [1.16, 2.66] mg/100g (wet weight);