Teleostei (teleosts) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Siphamia: A Swazi word, siphama, for a fish.
More on author: Lachner.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 7 - 27 m (Ref. 57178). Tropical; 24°N - 6°S
Western Pacific: Sumatra, south Taiwan, and the Marshall Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1602)
soft rays: 8. Plain dark brown to black, showing a lined pattern on occasion, and usually when caught or as juveniles. Black lines slightly broader in width to pale interspaces. Sometimes confused with the striped form of Siphamia tubifer or S. versicolor, that has narrower black lines (Ref. 48635).
A rare species found in lagoons, among the spines of Acanthaster planci, in groups of up to 31 (Ref. 1602) from depths of 7 m or more (Ref. 37816). Minimum depth taken from Ref. 57178.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 28 - 29.4, mean 28.9 °C (based on 753 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00674 - 0.03099), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).