Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Balitoridae
Etymology: Sinogastromyzon: Latin, sino, sina = from China + Greek, gaster = stomach + Greek, myzo = to suckle (Ref. 45335); nantaiensis: Named derived from the Chinese name of the type locality 'Nan-Tai' which means southern Taiwan.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Asia: Kaoping and Tzengwen River basins (including Chiaryi, Tainan, Kaohsiung and Pingtung counties) in southern Taiwan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 47271)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7;
Vertebrae: 32. Pectoral fin with modally 11 simple and 14 branched rays; pelvic fin with modally 7 simple and 16 branched rays; predorsal scales 16-17; body uniformly olive brown; predorsal region of dorsum uniform in adults, with dark brown blotches in smaller sub-adults; pectoral fin base unmarked; caudal fin with 3 vertical dark bars. Pectoral fin quite large, length longer than head length; pelvic fin entirely fused posteriorly; lower lobe of caudal fin slightly longer than upper one (Ref. 47271).
Occurs in the middle reaches of streams with swift current over a substrate of gravel. Is always found in riffles at altitudes below 500 m (Ref. 47271).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Chen, I.-S., C.-C. Han and L.-S. Fang, 2002. Sinogastromyzon nantaiensis, a new balitorid fish from southern Taiwan (Teleostei: Balitoridae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 13(3):239-242. (Ref. 47271)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00631 (0.00265 - 0.01501), b=3.05 (2.85 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .