Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Siluridae
Etymology: Silurus: Greek, silouros = a cat fish + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Regan.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. High altitude; 25°N - 24°N
Asia: endemic to Dian Chi Lake, Yunnan, China.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 38.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. ); common length : 21.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35840)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 61 - 73. Head depressed; eyes small and located in anterior section of head; snout short; lower jaw longer than upper one and its end extending nearly to anterior edge of eyes; barbels 2 pairs, body naked. Body dark gray on back and sides, with cloudy streaks and milky white on belly.
This carnivorous species lives in the edge of the lake with plenty of waterweeds where it stays at bottom of water by day and comes out to the surface seeking food by dawn and dusk (Ref. 45563, 117912). It relies on the macrophytes for shelter, the disappearance of which from the lake exposed these big fishes in the shallow water which resulted to increased mortality from its natural enemy and human beings. Predation of eggs and juveniles by the introduced
species in the lake may also play an important role (Ref. 117912).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kobayakawa, M., 1989. Systematic revision of the catfish genus Silurus, with description of a new species from Thailand and Burma. Jap. J. Ichthyol. 36(2):155-186. (Ref. 9417)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00286 - 0.01158), b=3.00 (2.83 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100) .