Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Scombriformes
(Mackerels) > Centrolophidae
Etymology: Seriolella: Latin word diminutive with the meaning of a large earthenware pot (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; benthopelagic; depth range 22 - 400 m (Ref. 58489). Temperate; 32°S - 51°S, 115°E - 179°E
Southwest Pacific: confined to Australian and New Zealand seas.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 40.0, range 30 - 40 cm
Max length : 76.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9002); common length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9258); max. published weight: 4.0 kg (Ref. 9988); max. reported age: 15 years (Ref. 9072)
Adults inhabit continental shelf and slope waters (Ref. 6390). Reported from depths between 22 m (Ref. 58489) and 400m (Ref. 30458). They are schooling species, usually aggregating close to the sea bed (Ref. 26498) although there is some evidence that they move into the middle water column at night (Ref. 30459). Juveniles recorded offshore to a depth of 100 m and sometimes entering estuaries, often in association with jellyfish (Ref. 9563) and schooling close to the surface. Feed mainly on salps but also takes euphausiids, krill, crabs and small squid (Ref. 9072). Marketed fresh and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).
Determinate annual fecundity. Females spawn three batches of eggs in a season (Ref. 86821).
Kuiter, R.H., 1993. Coastal fishes of south-eastern Australia. University of Hawaii Press. Honolulu, Hawaii. 437 p. (Ref. 9002)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 11.8 - 16.6, mean 14.4 °C (based on 98 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00397 - 0.01999), b=3.10 (2.90 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.43 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.19; tm=3-4; tmax=15).
Prior r = 0.65, 95% CL = 0.43 - 0.97, Based on 2 stock assessments.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (56 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 25.4 [13.5, 56.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.359 [0.216, 0.561] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.5 [14.5, 18.5] % ; Omega3 = 1.1 [0.5, 2.4] g/100g ; Selenium = 18.3 [7.0, 41.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 27.8 [8.2, 95.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.645 [0.463, 0.916] mg/100g (wet weight);