Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangiformes
(Jacks) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Naucratinae
Etymology: Seriola: Latin word diminutive with the meaning of a large earthenware pot (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range - 200 m (Ref. 26999), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 18°C - 27°C (Ref. 43448)
Eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay and Agadir, Morocco to Angola, including Cape Verde (Ref. 4233). Migrants were caught around Lampedusa Island (Mediterranean Sea) (Ref. 38310).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 72.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 38310); common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26999)
Adults are generally confined only in coastal waters over continental shelf, from the surface to at least 200 m. They feed on squids and fishes. Are confined to areas where surface temperature exceed 25°C, their distribution perhaps influenced by seasonal movements of the 18-27°C water mass along the African coast (Ref. 4233). Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 4233).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith-Vaniz, W.F., 1986. Carangidae. p. 815-844. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 2. (Ref. 4233)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30298)
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15.6 - 24.5, mean 18.7 °C (based on 118 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00618 - 0.03226), b=2.94 (2.74 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.62 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 67.3 [37.4, 133.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.22 [0.74, 2.11] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [16, 22] % ; Omega3 = 0.43 [0.27, 0.70] g/100g ; Selenium = 33.6 [17.3, 70.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 96.6 [10.0, 492.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.625 [0.426, 0.922] mg/100g (wet weight);