Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Scorpaenoidei
(Scorpionfishes) > Sebastidae
(Rockfishes, rockcods and thornyheads) > Sebastinae
Etymology: Sebastes: Greek, sebastes = august, venerable (Ref. 45335); melanostictus: Greek, melas = black + Greek, stiktos = spotted or dappled; alluding to the spotted body coloration (Ref.87139).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 84 - 1000 m (Ref. 87139), usually 350 - 450 m (Ref. 87139). Subtropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Pacific: from Japan (about 35°N), north through the Kuril Is., Aleutian Is., and the Bering Sea to 60.5°N; south to southern California on Coronado Bank, at 32.6°N.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 53.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 87139)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 12 - 14;
soft rays: 7 - 8;
Vertebrae: 26 - 27. Head spines, 8; infraorbital spines, 2 or more; body coloration generally dusky with faint mottling on dorsum; spinous dorsal-fin and rest of body often spotted; dorsal-fin spine 1 longer, 1.0 to 1.8 times into orbit length, 5.9-9.6% SL; dorsal-fin spine 4 longer, 12.0-18.4% SL; gill rakers longer, 3.9-7.1% SL and more numerous in comparison to S. aleutianus. Genetically, with the protein variants ACP*46, either IDDH*500 or *750 or both, either PGM-2*83 or *74 or both, and XO*109 (Hawkins et al., 2005); homozygosity at microsatellite allele ?Sma6*177 (Gharrett et al., 2005, 2006); and mitochondrial haplotype A of Gharrett et al. (2005, 2006) (Ref.87139).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Orr, J.W. and S. Hawkins, 2008. Species of the rougheye rockfish complex: resurrection of Sebastes melanostictus (Matsubara, 1934) and a redescription of Sebastes aleutianus (Jordan and Evermann, 1898) (Teleostei: Scorpaeniformes). Fish. Bull. 106(2):111-134. (Ref. 87139)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 0.9 - 3.8, mean 2 °C (based on 44 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00434 - 0.02104), b=3.12 (2.92 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (70 of 100) .