Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Scorpaenoidei
(Scorpionfishes) > Sebastidae
(Rockfishes, rockcods and thornyheads) > Sebastinae
Etymology: Sebastes: Greek, sebastes = august, venerable (Ref. 45335); maliger: From the Greek malus meaning mast and gero meaning 'magnificent' and 'to bear' (Ref. 27436). More on authors: Jordan & Gilbert.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 274 m (Ref. 27437), usually 0 - 92 m (Ref. 27437). Temperate; 61°N - 36°N, 155°W - 121°W
Eastern Pacific: Prince William Sound, Gulf of Alaska to Point Sur, central California, USA.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 31.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 61.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850); max. published weight: 3.3 kg (Ref. 40637); max. reported age: 90 years (Ref. 55421)
soft rays: 6 - 7. Head spines strong - nasal, preocular, postocular, tympanic and parietal spines present, supraocular, coronal and nuchal spines absent (Ref. 27437). Spinous dorsal with deeply incised membranes (Ref. 27437). Caudal fin rounded (Ref. 6885). Body mottled brown, distinct yellow areas above (including part of spinous dorsal), orange-brown spotting on lower anterior area (Ref. 27437).
Inhabit rocky bottoms and reefs, usually solitary on the bottom or hovering just above the bottom, but never far from cover (Ref. 27436, 27437). Viviparous (Ref. 34817). Marketed as fillets (Ref. 27436).
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 6.3 - 11.1, mean 9 °C (based on 312 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00479 - 0.02087), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.4 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tm=7; tmax=95).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (64 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 25.8 [11.9, 65.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.165 [0.088, 0.381] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [17.2, 19.6] % ; Omega3 = 1.13 [0.47, 2.88] g/100g ; Selenium = 53.5 [20.2, 148.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 18 [7, 47] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.365 [0.227, 0.637] mg/100g (wet weight);