Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Scyliorhinidae
Etymology: Scyliorhinus: Greek, skylla = a kind of shark + Greek, rhinos = nose (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 45 - 500 m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 11°C - 16°C (Ref. 244); 20°N - 17°S
Eastern Atlantic: probably wide-ranging off tropical West Africa, from Mauritania to Angola. Often been referred to as Scyliorhinus stellaris in the past.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 67.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 244); 76.0 cm TL (female)
Found on rocky and muddy bottoms of the continental shelf and upper slope. Temperature: 11-16°C. Salinity: 30 ppt. Oxygen: 1.0-1.6 ml/l. Feeds on bony fishes. Oviparous (Ref. 50449).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 12.4 - 15.8, mean 14.3 °C (based on 29 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00331 (0.00170 - 0.00646), b=3.15 (2.97 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.80 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (57 of 100) .