Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Scorpaenoidei
(Scorpionfishes) > Scorpaenidae
(Scorpionfishes or rockfishes) > Scorpaeninae
Etymology: Scorpaenodes: Latin, scorpaena = a kind of fish, 1706 + Greek oides = similar to (Ref. 45335). More on author: Smith.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 8 - 54 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical; 35°N - 25°S
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Marquesan and Pitcairn islands, north to Ryukyu and Hawaiian islands, south to Australia (Ref. 33390).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1602)
soft rays: 5 - 6. Covered with short hairlike filaments (Ref. 37816). With vertical scale rows about 30; usually with 4 spines on suborbital ridge, first on lateral face of lachrymal bone; usually 1 additional spine below suborbital ridge at level between second and third spines; presence of interorbital spines; absence of small spines at midline between tympanic spines (Ref. 10482).
Inhabits lagoon and seaward reefs to a depth of at least 40 m (Ref. 1602). Benthic in coral reefs (Ref. 58302). Venomous spines (Ref. 1602).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 28.8, mean 27.5 °C (based on 438 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00609 - 0.02604), b=3.02 (2.85 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 191 [90, 567] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.924 [0.478, 1.695] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.1 [16.1, 20.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.269 [0.113, 0.748] g/100g ; Selenium = 24.4 [10.2, 58.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 225 [74, 672] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.02 [1.27, 3.13] mg/100g (wet weight);