Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Scorpaenoidei
(Scorpionfishes) > Scorpaenidae
(Scorpionfishes or rockfishes) > Scorpaeninae
Etymology: Scorpaenodes: Latin, scorpaena = a kind of fish, 1706 + Greek oides = similar to (Ref. 45335). More on author: Smith.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 18 m (Ref. 10482). Tropical
Indo-Pacific: East Africa to French Polynesia. Recently reported from Ouvéa Atoll, Loyalty Islands (Ref. 13236).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102)
soft rays: 5. With vertical scale rows in low 40's; suborbital ridge with 3 spinous points in a single row; interorbital spines absent or present as a lump; small spines at midline between tympanic spines present (Ref. 10482).
Benthic in coral reefs (Ref. 58302). Solitary and secretive, among corals (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N. and J.E. Randall, 1975. The scorpaenid fishes of the Hawaiian Islands, including new species and new records (Pisces: Scorpaenidae). Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 40(11):265-334. (Ref. 10482)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.9 - 29.3, mean 28.2 °C (based on 2337 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00609 - 0.02604), b=3.02 (2.85 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .