Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acropomatiformes
() > Scombropidae
Etymology: Scombrops: Greek, skombros = mackerel + Greek, ops = appearance (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 20 - 400 m (Ref. 6637). Temperate
Indo-West Pacific: Mozambique and South Africa (Ref. 6637), Japan and the East China Sea. Southeast Atlantic: Cape, South Africa (Ref. 6637).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559); max. published weight: 16.1 kg (Ref. 40637)
Adults found in deep rocky areas; young found in shallow water. The diet consists of fishes, crustaceans and squids. Spawns from October to March.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Heemstra, P.C., 1986. Scombropidae. p. 563. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 6637)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 10.4 - 22.6, mean 18.2 °C (based on 218 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00408 - 0.02689), b=3.02 (2.80 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.63 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 9.1 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.12).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .