Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Schizothoracinae
Etymology: Schizothorax: Greek, schizein = to divide * Greek, thorax = breast (Ref. 45335). More on author: Heckel.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical
Asia: Afghanistan, Pakistan, India. Also reported from Nepal (Ref. 6351) and China (Ref. 33800).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 99731)
Occurs in mountain streams, rivers and lakes (Ref. 41236). Inhabits sandy and gravel-bottomed rivers (Ref. 12045). Herbivore, feeding on bottom detritus (Ref. 40974). Mature adults undertake spawning migration to incoming streams where they breed amidst gravel and sandy beds (Ref. 40974). Fry always occur in quiet parts of the streams or in the side branches of the main streams.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mature adults undertake spawning migration to incoming streams where they breed amidst gravel and sandy beds (Ref. 40974).
Menon, A.G.K., 1999. Check list - fresh water fishes of India. Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Misc. Publ., Occas. Pap. No. 175, 366 p. (Ref. 41236)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00755 - 0.01208), b=3.03 (2.98 - 3.08), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (60 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 671 [332, 1,406] mg/100g ; Iron = 5.03 [0.92, 17.86] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.2 [15.1, 17.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.202 [0.109, 0.391] g/100g ; Selenium = 364 [117, 1,226] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 23.3 [10.3, 54.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 4.64 [2.70, 7.49] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.