Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Nemacheilidae
Etymology: Schistura: Greek, schizein = to divide + Greek, oura = tail; an allusion to forked caudal fins (Ref. 45335); vinciguerrae: Named for Decio Vinciguerra, a former curator in MCSNG who studied Burmese fishes. More on author: Hora.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Asia: Irrawaddy and Salween basins in Myanmar and the Irrawaddy basin in China. Likely to occur in the Salween basin in Yunnan, but needs confirmation (Ref. 39226). Reported from India (Ref. 4832).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm NG male/unsexed; (Ref. 94495)
soft rays: 8. Distinguished from most other nemacheilines by its color pattern: the bars in front of dorsal fin are conspicuously thinner than those behind, usually united in pairs (or more) at their upper extremity. This color pattern is shared with other species. It is distinguished from S. poculi by 9+8 branched caudal rays (versus 8+7), from S. mahnerti and S. bella by the absence of sexual dimorphism (both species have a well developed suborbital flap in males) and by details of the color pattern (Ref. 39226).
Occurs in small streams with pebbly bottom (Ref. 41236). Found in channels with very swift current and bare bottom. The ovaries of a 6.63 cm SL female contain ripe ovulae of about 1.6 mm in diameter (Ref. 39226).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M., 1990. Indochinese nemacheilines. A revision of nemacheiline loaches (Pisces: Cypriniformes) of Thailand, Burma, Laos, Cambodia and southern Viet Nam. Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, München, Germany. 262 p. (Ref. 39226)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00631 (0.00268 - 0.01487), b=3.02 (2.85 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .