Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Nemacheilidae
Etymology: Schistura: Greek, schizein = to divide + Greek, oura = tail; an allusion to forked caudal fins (Ref. 45335). More on author: Smith.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Asia: Chao Phraya in Thailand (Ref. 12041), Mekong basin in Laos and Thailand, northern Mae Nam Ping basin in Thailand and Salween basin in Thailand and Myanmar (Ref. 43281).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 39226)
soft rays: 8. Distinguished by its color pattern: the bars in front of dorsal fin are conspicuously thinner than those behind, usually united in pairs (or more) at their upper extremity. This color pattern is shared with a few other species in area; S. poculi is distinguished from S. vinciguerrae by 8+7 branched caudal rays (versus 9+8), from S. mahnerti and S. bella by the absence of sexual dimorphism (both species have a well developed suborbital flap in males ) and by details of the color pattern (Ref. 39226).
Occurs in brooks and streams with swift current, among large pebbles, stones and boulders (Ref. 39226). Found in creeks and streams with moderate current and clear water (Ref. 43281). A 4.82 cm SL female contained nearly ripe ovulae, about 1.3 m diameter; when collected, a 5.22 cm SL female extruded yellow-orange ovulae; one of them still adheres to its genital opening (Ref. 39226).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M., 1990. Indochinese nemacheilines. A revision of nemacheiline loaches (Pisces: Cypriniformes) of Thailand, Burma, Laos, Cambodia and southern Viet Nam. Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, München, Germany. 262 p. (Ref. 39226)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00631 (0.00268 - 0.01487), b=3.02 (2.85 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .