Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Nemacheilidae
Etymology: Schistura: Greek, schizein = to divide + Greek, oura = tail; an allusion to forked caudal fins (Ref. 45335); carbonaria: From the Latin carbonarius: made of coal, as a reference to the dark color. An adjective. More on authors: Freyhof & Serov.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Asia: River Ve, Thra Kuc Huong, River Thu Bon and River Quang Tri which drain to the Vietnamese coast.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40772)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9. Body with 6-10 regular dark bars; head without pattern; predorsal bars not meeting their homologues on back in most specimens; predorsal and dorsal part of the body darker in nearly half grown and adult specimens; posterior bars regularly shaped, not dissociated; black bar at caudal fin base complete; inner rostral barbel reaching base of maxillary barbel, a median incision in upper lip in most specimens; processus dentiformis short and broad; intestine with a wide loop, anteriorly reaching to stomach; long dorsal crests on caudal peduncle; lateral line complete, reaching behind anal fin base (Ref. 40772).
Occurs in medium-sized rivers in highest abundance in riffles with rocks and gravel substratum and high water velocities (Ref. 40772).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Freyhof, J. and D.V. Serov, 2001. Nemacheiline loaches from Central Vietnam with descriptions of a new genus and 14 new species (Cypriniformes: Balitoridae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 12(2):133-191. (Ref. 40772)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00631 (0.00268 - 0.01487), b=3.02 (2.85 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .