Sauvagella madagascariensis, Madagascar round herring

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Sauvagella madagascariensis (Sauvage 1883)

Madagascar round herring
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Image of Sauvagella madagascariensis (Madagascar round herring)
Sauvagella madagascariensis
Picture by Loiselle, P.V.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Ehiravinae
Etymology: Sauvagella: Because of Sauvage, 1860-1880 and 1875-1891; ichtyologist that studied the Ogowe; author of "Histoire naturelle des poissons de Madagascar";  madagascariensis: Named for the island to which it is endemic, Madagascar (Ref. 33664).  More on author: Sauvage.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; brackish; pelagic.   Tropical; 11°S - 26°S, 42°E - 50°E (Ref. 188)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: mid and lower reaches of eastern coastal rivers and Pangalanes Canal network in Madagascar (Ref. 188, 33664).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 33664)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-17; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 17 - 19; Vertebrae: 41 - 43. Diagnosis: Body elongate, a little compressed; belly rounded, without pre-pelvic scutes, but a pelvic scute present with slender lateral arms; gillrakers few, 17-20 gillrakers on lower limb of first arch; pelvic fin with 1 unbranched and 7 branched finrays, a little anterior to dorsal fin origin; last two anal finrays not separate from others (Ref. 188, 33664). It is distinguished from other non-scuted clupeids of Spratelloides, Dussumieria and Etrumeus by presence of a normal pelvic scute vs. W-shaped (Ref. 188). It is distinguished from Sauvagella robusta by a higher vertebral number, 41-43 vs. 38-40; a shallower body, 15.8-21.1% of standard length vs. 20.8-27.4%; a longer snout, 26.2-33.7% of head length vs. 18.5-26.6%; and a higher anal fin ray count, 17-19 vs. 13-17 (Ref. 33664).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in freshwaters, possibly tolerating brackish water (Ref. 188); from sea level to about 450m, mostly in smaller rivers and streams and usually in forested areas (Ref. 56161). Probably planktivorous (Ref. 56161).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Stiassny, M.L.J., 2002. Revision of Sauvagella Bertin (Clupeidae; Pellonulinae; Ehiravini) with a description of a new species from the freshwaters of Madagascar and diagnosis of the Ehiravini. Copeia 2002(1):67-76. (Ref. 33664)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 29 June 2016

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00370 - 0.02149), b=3.03 (2.83 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .