Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Holocentriformes
(Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentridae
(Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Etymology: Sargocentron: Greek, sargos = sargus + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335). More on author: Poey.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical
Western Atlantic: Bermuda and Florida, USA to northern South America.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251)
soft rays: 9. Upper profile angular. Mouth small, lower jaw fitting into upper. Lower opercular spine longer and stronger than upper. Axil of pectoral dark, jet black in small specimens, dusky brown in large (Ref. 37108). Head and nape clear bright red. Body with alternating streaks of red and white (Ref. 37108).
Inhabits inshore reefs and tide pools. Hides in small recesses. Common, but rarely seen (Ref. 9710). Nocturnal species (Ref. 26938). Intertidal observations were also reported (Ref. 49162).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., 1983. Caribbean reef fishes.Revised Edition. T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Ltd., Hong Kong. 2nd ed. 350 p. (Ref. 5221)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.8 - 28.2, mean 27.4 °C (based on 685 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.00814 - 0.02236), b=2.97 (2.83 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 90.7 [33.8, 295.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.524 [0.246, 1.573] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.1 [18.0, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.156 [0.066, 0.370] g/100g ; Selenium = 36.1 [19.6, 65.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 65 [25, 174] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.92 [0.89, 3.75] mg/100g (wet weight);