Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Clupeidae
(Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Sardinella: Latin and Greek, sarda = sardine; name related to the island of Sardinia; diminutive (Ref. 45335); rouxi: Named in honor of Charles Roux, director of the 'Centre Océanographique de Pointe-Noire' (Ref. 86940) More on author: Poll.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range - 50 m (Ref. 188), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 18°N - 10°S, 20°W - 14°E (Ref. 188)
Atlantic Ocean: Eastern Atlantic Ocean from Senegal southward to Congo, possibly to northern Angola (Ref. 188, 5286, 81269, 81631).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188); common length : 13.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188)
soft rays: 16 - 21. Diagnosis: Body moderately deep, belly fairly sharply keeled (Ref. 188). Lower gillrakers 30-40 (Ref. 188). A black or golden spot behind gill opening; upper part of pectoral fin dusky; caudal fin pale yellow with dusky hind margin (Ref. 188). Sardinella rouxi resembles S. maderensis, which has more gillrakers and a grey caudal fin, its tips almost black (Ref. 188). It is distinguished from small S. aurita by having 1 unbranched and 7 branched pelvic fin rays vs. 1 unbranched and 8 branched in S. aurita, and no black spot on hind part of gill cover (Ref. 188).
Sardinella rouxi is found in inshore waters and along beaches, forming schools (Ref. 188).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.4 - 28, mean 26.8 °C (based on 66 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00399 - 0.01817), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .