Teleostei (teleosts) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Dorosomatidae
(Gizzard shads and sardinellas)
Etymology: Sardinella: Latin and Greek, sarda = sardine; name related to the island of Sardinia; diminutive (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 188). Tropical; 30°N - 11°S, 47°E - 153°E (Ref. 188)
Indo-West Pacific: from Kuwait to southern India and Bay of Bengal to the Philippines, also eastern tip of Papua New Guinea. Often confused with Sardinella gibbosa in Indian waters.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 12.0, range 11 - ? cm
Max length : 19.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2178); common length : 11.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188)
soft rays: 18 - 20. This species is distinguished by the following characters: deep body, its depth 28·0-33·2% SL; interrupted longitudinal striae formation in lateral scales; scutes prepelvic and post-pelvic 17-18 + 11-12, respectively, oftern 18 + 12; A 18-20 rays, usually 19; lower gill rakers 65-81 (Ref. 114969).
Forms schools in coastal waters. Misidentifications (especially with S. gibbosa in Indian waters and S. albella in the western Indian Ocean) make published biological data potentially unreliable. Marketed fresh, dried-salted, boiled or made into fish balls.
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 27.5 - 29.2, mean 28.6 °C (based on 862 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00515 - 0.01282), b=2.98 (2.85 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.30 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.7-1.6; tmax=3).
Prior r = 0.84, 95% CL = 0.56 - 1.26, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 426 [251, 679] mg/100g; Iron = 2.7 [1.7, 4.3] mg/100g; Protein = 20.6 [19.7, 21.5] %; Omega3 = 0.318 [0.165, 0.607] g/100g; Selenium = 106 [55, 204] μg/100g; VitaminA = 19.9 [8.0, 50.8] μg/100g; Zinc = 2.01 [1.49, 2.67] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.