Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Danionidae
(Danios) > Chedrinae
Etymology: Salmostoma: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Asia: Karnataka, India.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Common length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44315); max. published weight: 5.50 g (Ref. 44315)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 13 - 14. Fresh specimens are bright, with metallic green color over dorsal profile while formalin preserved have a streak of gray along center of body and over the dorsal ridge and pale white below the dorsal line.
Inhabits open water. Feeds on zooplankton. Breeds during the monsoon season (Ref. 44315). Marketed as sun dried fish (Ref. 44315).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Jayaraj, E.G. and D.S. Krishna Rao, 2000. A new species of the genus Salmostoma (Swainson) from a man-made lake of Peninsular India. p. 182-183. In Ponniah, A.G. and A. Gopalakrishnan (eds.). Endemic Fish Diversity of Western Ghats. NBFGR-NATP Publication. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow, U.P., India. 1,347 p. (Ref. 44315)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00285 - 0.02020), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .