Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 760 - 1500 m (Ref. 36330). Deep-water
Indo-Pacific: Socotra Island, Mascarene Ridge, western slope off Sumatra I (Indonesia), South China Sea, and Philippine seas.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 30 - ? cm
Max length : 34.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36330)
soft rays: 17 - 21;
Vertebrae: 47. Body relatively deep, about 20%SL. Caudal peduncle moderately long (<18%SL). Vertical fin bases almost opposite to each other, the length of bases <20% SL. Head relatively deep and wide (eye width >10%SL). Snout relatively short, length not reaching orbit diameter; olfactory bulbs very big; ethmoid in olfactory bulb region very narrow. Eyes very large. Photophores present on the head, along the rays of the gill membrane and on the surface of the lower jaw seismosensory canals; also on the membranes of A,P, and V. Pyloric caeca < 10. (Ref. 36330).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sazonov, Y.I., 1999. A new species of the genus Rouleina (Argentiniformes, Alepocephalidae) from the Philippine Archipelago Seas and a redescription of R. livida and R. nuda. J. Ichthyol. 39(7):479-487. (Ref. 36330)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 3.6 - 7.2, mean 4.9 °C (based on 465 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100).