Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Rhinopristiformes
(Shovelnose rays) > Rhinobatidae
Etymology: Rhinobatos: Greek, rhinos = nose + Greek, batis, -idos = a ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335); manai: Named for Dr. Ralph Mana of the University of Papua New Guinea.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 191 - 290 m (Ref. 117108), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Southwest Pacific: Papua New Guinea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 73.1 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 117108)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: a wedge-shaped disc, with its
dorsal surface covered in minute dermal denticles but without thorns; long snout, its length 3.6 times interspiracular distance; moderately large orbit, its diameter 1.7 times spiracle length; oblique nostrils, its length 1.6 times internarial distance; the anterior nasal flaps are inserted into internarial space well away from nostril margin; posterior nasal flaps are broad; ridges of rostral cartilage well-separated dorsally and almost parallel; narrow prebranchial sensory-pore patch, extending to first gill slit; distance between first gill slits is 1.5 times distance between fifth gill slits; distance between fifth gill slits is 3.4 times in ventral head length; long postscapular sensory canal, not grooved and extending more than three-quarters distance to pectoral-fin insertions; moderately tall dorsal fins; pelvic fin's inner margin is shorter than its base; interdorsal distance is more than 3.1 times first dorsal-fin base; outer spiracular fold is distinctly larger than the inner fold; dorsal margin of caudal fin ca. 2 times preventral margin; post-synarcual (free) vertebral centra 171; total vertebral centra 180; nasal lamellae 52; dorsal disc is brownish and covered with well defined rusty brown spots and blotches and poorly defined white spots with greyish edges (Ref. 117108).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
White, W.T., P.R. Last and G.J.P. Naylor, 2016. Rhinobatos manai sp. nov., a new species of guitarfish (Rhinopristiformes: Rhinobatidae) from New Ireland, Papua New Guinea. Zootaxa 4175(6):588-600. (Ref. 117108)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .