Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes
(Skates and rays) > Rajidae
Etymology: Rajella: Latin, raja, -ae = a sting ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 310 - 718 m (Ref. 5578). Deep-water; 27°S - 40°S
Southeast Atlantic: Lüderitz, Namibia to off Cape Agulhas, South Africa.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 32.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 5578)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Small skate with a very short, obtusely pointed snout, large, close-set, bulging eyes and a thick disc; tail thick and much longer than body; conspicuous light thorns make disc and tail very rough (Ref. 5578). Light grey to brownish above, with or without darker spots; young with distinctive white-barred pattern; underside white (Ref. 5578).
Found on the upper slope (Ref. 5578). Feed on mysids, lightfishes, and polychaetes (Ref. 5578). Oviparous (Ref. 50449). Eggs have horn-like projections on the shell (Ref. 205). Caught by hake trawlers (Ref. 5578).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).
McEachran, J.D. and K.A. Dunn, 1998. Phylogenetic analysis of skates, a morphologically conservative clade of elasmobranchs (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae). Copeia 1998(2):271-290. (Ref. 27314)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 6.5 - 13.8, mean 8 °C (based on 11 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00309 (0.00144 - 0.00663), b=3.22 (3.05 - 3.39), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.53 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .