Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Cyprininae
Etymology: Puntioplites: Latin, punctum = point, the point of the sword + Greek, hoplon = weapon (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Asia: Maeklong, Chao Phraya and Mekong basins and Malay Peninsula.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4792)
Body color brownish with reticulated dark scale edges; 17-22 dorsal spine serrations; serrated anal spine; very dark median fins, never orange (Ref. 12693). Last simple dorsal ray not reaching caudal fin in adults; dark grey anal, caudal and dorsal fins (Ref. 43281). Origin of pelvic fin opposite to origin of dorsal fin; lateral line decurved and extending to middle of caudal peduncle (Ref. 45563).
Inhabits large, slow flowing rivers (Ref. 43281). Commonly found in standing and slowly moving water of streams, canal, ditches and reservoirs. Moves into flooded forests and marshes during high water periods. Usually occurs around submerged aquatic or inundated terrestrial vegetation where it consumes some algae but mostly insects and zooplankton. Larger fish are marketed fresh while smaller ones are used to make prahoc along the Tonlé Sap, Cambodia (Ref. 12693). Reaches more than 30 cm in length (Ref. 4792).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Rainboth, W.J., 1996. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. FAO, Rome, 265 p. (Ref. 12693)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00680 - 0.01852), b=3.02 (2.88 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.28 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 554 [87, 1,758] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.62 [0.74, 3.81] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.4 [16.8, 18.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.352 [0.194, 0.652] g/100g ; Selenium = 55.8 [21.9, 101.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 51.2 [28.1, 98.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.36 [1.12, 4.51] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.