Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Scombriformes
(Mackerels) > Bramidae
Etymology: Pterycombus: Greek, pteron = wing, fin + Greek, kombos, oy = belt (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range 25 - 400 m (Ref. 35388). Subtropical; 67°N - 1°S, 98°W - 36°E
Western Atlantic: Newfoundland in Canada and northern Gulf of Mexico in USA to Jamaica. Eastern Atlantic: Norway and south of Cap Lopez, west of Mayumba (Gulf of Guinea) (Ref. 4936); reported from Iceland (Ref. 12462).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 46.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251)
Dorsal and anal fins without scales. Diameter of eye much larger than the snout length (Ref. 35388).
Lives down to a depth of 400 m (Ref. 35388). Seasonal migrant (Ref. 6697).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Breeding takes place all year-round (Ref. 6697).
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 6.7 - 24.3, mean 10 °C (based on 523 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01820 (0.00779 - 0.04251), b=2.96 (2.76 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming tmax>10).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .