Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Aspredinidae
(Banjo catfishes) > Pseudobunocephalinae
Etymology: Pseudobunocephalus: The generic name is a combination of the Greek word pseudes, meaning false or deceptive, plus the aspredinid genus Bunocephalus. It alludes to the fact that members of this genus have previously been mistaken for juveniles of other species.; lundbergi: The generic name is a combination of the Greek word pseudes, meaning false or deceptive, plus the aspredinid genus Bunocephalus. It alludes to the fact that members of this genus have previously been mistaken for juveniles of other species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 7°N - 3°N, 65°W - 73°W
South America: Colombia and Venezuela. Currently
known from just a few localities in the lower río Caura (type locality), upper río Apure, and río Meta, but is likely more widely distributed within the río Orinoco basin of Colombia and Venezuela (Ref. 78999).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 78999)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Pseudobunocephalus lundbergi can be distinguished from all congeners by having the following unique characters within the genus: dorsal surface of skull ornamented with numerous bony knobs of equal size; distinct anterior and posterior cranial fontanels separated by a bony epiphyseal bar formed between the frontals; infraorbital canal exits from the sphenotic and extendsanteriorly past eye, bearing up to four pores; premaxilla without a posterolateral limb; and fifth centra with posteriorly directed processes that articulate with skeletal elements of the dorsal fin (Ref. 78999).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Friel, J.P., 2008. Pseudobunocephalus, a new genus of banjo catfish with the description of a new species from the Orinoco River system of Colombia and Venezuela (Siluriformes: Aspredinidae). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 6(3):293-300. (Ref. 78999)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .