Teleostei (teleosts) > Perciformes/Uranoscopoidei
(Sand dwellers) > Ammodytidae
Etymology: Protammodytes: Greek, pro = first, in front of + Greek, ammos = sand + Greek, dytes = that likes diving (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 200 - 300 m (Ref. 39393). Temperate
Northwest Pacific: off Taiwan. Eastern Central Pacific: Hawaii.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 39393)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Collected among the stomach content of Etulis species angled off the east coast of Taiwan at about 200 m depth (Ref. 39393).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ida, H., P. Sirimontaporn and S. Monkolprasit, 1994. Comparative morphology of the fishes of the Family Ammodytidae, with a description of two new genera and two new species. Zool. Stud. 33(4):251-277. (Ref. 39393)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 12.1 - 15.3, mean 15.1 °C (based on 3 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00324 (0.00148 - 0.00706), b=3.10 (2.91 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).