Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 37 - 165 m (Ref. 247), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C - ; 31°S - 41°S, 125°E - 150°E (Ref. 54711)
Eastern Indian Ocean: endemic to Australia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 90 - ? cm
Max length : 122 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 247)
Found on the continental shelf (Ref. 6871, 75154). Ovoviviparous. Size at birth about 25 cm (Ref. 6871). Utilized fresh for human consumption.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. (Ref. 247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13.9 - 17.8, mean 15.3 °C (based on 71 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (63 of 100) .