Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Pomacentrus: Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335). More on author: Tanaka.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 3 - 35 m (Ref. 1602). Tropical; 10°N - 25°S
Indo-West Pacific: Maldives (Ref. 30829) and Sri Lanka to Vanuatu, north to southern Japan; south to northwestern Australia and New Caledonia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102)
Adults are found in sandy areas of both lagoon and seaward reefs. They occur in small groups with outcrops of soft coral patches or gorgonians, usually in depths over 20 m (Ref. 48636). Feed primarily on zooplankton. Oviparous, males guard the nest (Ref. 59303). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Diurnal species (Ref. 54980; 113699).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Courtship behavior during breeding includes signal jumps, enticement, chasing and skimming (Ref. 59303).
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 28.9, mean 27.6 °C (based on 388 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00662 - 0.03303), b=2.99 (2.80 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.31 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 100 [61, 203] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.86 [0.55, 1.30] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [17.9, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.155 [0.101, 0.235] g/100g ; Selenium = 27.9 [15.2, 45.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 92.2 [33.8, 246.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.87 [1.33, 2.62] mg/100g (wet weight);