Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 60 - 400 m (Ref. 9792). Deep-water
Northwest Pacific: Japan, Taiwan, and China near Hainan. Reported from the Philippines (Ref. 11148) and South Korea (Ref. 77001).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9792)
Upper-jaw length 3.4 to 3.9 times in head length (Ref 12933).
Found on sand-mud bottoms. Very rare. Feeds on small benthic animals (Ref. 9792).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hensley, D.A., 1997. Pleuronectidae. Righteye flounders. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes. The Western Central Pacific. (Ref. 9792)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 13.1 - 24.6, mean 19.1 °C (based on 277 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).