Pliotrema annae, Anna’s sixgill sawshark

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Pliotrema annae Weigmann, Gon, Leeney & Temple, 2020

Anna’s sixgill sawshark
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Image of Pliotrema annae (Anna’s sixgill sawshark)
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drawing shows typical species in Pristiophoridae.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Pristiophoriformes (Saw sharks) > Pristiophoridae (Saw sharks)
Etymology: Pliotrema: Greek, pleios = more + Greek, trema = hole (Ref. 45335);  annae: Named for Anna Weigmann Huerta, the niece of the first author.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 20 - 35 m (Ref. 122027).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: Zanzibar and probably off Kenya and Somalia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 98.0 cm TL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This medium-sized six-gilled sawshark is distinguished by the following characters: barbel origin to anterior nostrils 1.9-2.0 times anterior nostrils to symphysis upper jaw; prenarial length 1.6-1.7 times prebarbel length; preoral length 1.5-1.7 times interdorsal space; pectoral-fin anterior margin 1.4-1.5 times dorsal-caudal space; mouth width 2.7-3.2 times spiracle length; the first dorsal fin originates about opposite pectoral-fin free rear tips; lateral trunk dermal denticles tricuspidate, rather flat and imbricated; monospondylous centra 53-54; precaudal diplospondylous centra 46-49; total vertebral centra 154; generally with a shorter snout, head length 34.2-34.5% TL, preorbital length 21.7-22.0% TL, preoral length 24.6-25.1% TL, prebarbel length 12.6-12.7% TL, and barbel origin to symphysis upper jaw 12.1-12.3% TL; with lower total large lateral rostral tooth and ventral rostral spine counts, and a rostrum that is slightly constricted between barbel origin and nostrils. Similar to P. kajae, with barbels situated about half way from rostral tip to mouth, with prebarbel length about equidistant from barbel origin to symphysis of upper jaw, while in P. warreni, the barbels are situated about two thirds way from rostral tip to mouth, with prebarbel length about twice distance from barbel origin to symphysis of upper jaw. Colouration: uniform medium to dark brown dorsally without longitudinal stripes; white ventrally but with few indistinct dark blotches on belly; fins with pronounced white posterior fin margins, especially the caudal and pectoral fins; dorsal rostrum surface with two distinct longitudinal dark stripes, lateral rostral teeth dark-edged (Ref. 122027).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Probably occurs in deeper waters during the day but enters shallow water during the night. The specimens were caught directly adjacent to a dropoff along the southern tip of Unguja Island where the water depth descends rapidly from ca.20 m to >200 m (Ref. 122027).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Collaborators

Weigmann, S., O. Gon, R.H. Leeney, E. Barrowclift, P. Berggren, N. Jiddawi and A.J. Temple, 2020. Revision of the sixgill sawsharks, genus Pliotrema (Chondrichthyes, Pristiophoriformes), with descriptions of two new species and a redescription of  P.  warreni Regan. PLoS ONE, 15 (3)[0228791]:1-56. (Ref. 122027)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
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Ecology
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Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
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Spawning
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Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .