Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Pseudotriakidae
Etymology: parini: Named for the late Prof. Dr. N.V. Parin, chief scientist of the memorable cruise 17 of RV ‘Vityaz’ in 1988/89, when the holotype was sampled.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 1000 - 1120 m (Ref. 92921). Deep-water
Northwestern Indian Ocean: off the Socotra Islands, south of Yemen and east of the Horn of Africa.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 53.4 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 560.00 g (Ref. 92921)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This small deep-water pseudotriakid species is distinguished by the following set of characters: soft body; bell-shaped head with a broadly parabolic snout; preorbital snout length 1.5-1.9 times the eye length; preoral length 0.7-0.8 times the mouth width, 1.4-1.5 times the prenarial snout length; eye length 1.9-2.3 times the nostril width; relatively broad head, width at middle gill slits 10-16% of TL; preorbital snout length 1.0-1.7 times the interorbital space (integumental) and 2.1-2.3 (skeletal), respectively; head length 2.0-2.5 times the mouth width, 9.8-10.9 times the nostril width, 2.8-3.3 times the length of preventral caudal-fin margin; length of pectoral-fin anterior margin 2.1-2.2 times the pectoral base length; length of first dorsal-fin inner margin 0.4-0.5 times the pectoral-fin base length; second dorsal-fin base length 13% of TL; color: plain dusky with fins and ventral snout somewhat darker, free rear tip of first dorsal fin marked white; each jaw with about 110-120 rows of very small tri- to multicuspidate teeth; monospondylous trunk vertebrae centra 50-52, diplospondylous precaudal centra 41, total centra about 115-140 (Ref. 92921).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Weigmann, S., M.F.W. Stehmann and R. Thiel, 2013. Planonasus parini n. g. and n. sp., a new genus and species of false cat sharks (Carchariniformes, Pseudotriakidae) from the deep northwestern Indian Ocean off Socotra Islands. Zootaxa 3609(2):163-181. (Ref. 92921)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00363 (0.00138 - 0.00954), b=3.12 (2.90 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100) .