Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Teleostei (teleosts) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Laviniinae
Etymology: Chrosomus: Chrosomus meaning color (Ref. 1998).
More on author: Cope.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; non-migratory. Temperate; 61°N - 41°N
North America: Atlantic, Great Lakes, Hudson Bay, and upper Mississippi, Missouri and Peace-Mackenzie River drainages, from Nova Scotia west to Northwest Territories and British Columbia in Canada; south to northern Pennsylvania, Wisconsin and Nebraska in USA. Isolated population in South Platte River system in Colorado, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798); common length : 4.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 3.00 years (Ref. 12193)
Chrosomus eos is distinguished from a similar species C. erythrogaster by having more rounded, shorter (about equal to eye diameter) snout and more upturned mouth, with chin in front of upper lip. Other characters useful to identify this species include 70-90 lateral scales and red or yellow belly, head, and fins in large males (Ref. 86798).
Inhabits lakes, ponds, bogs, and pools of headwaters and creeks. Usually occurs over silt, often near vegetation (Ref. 86798). Feeds mainly on algae, but also on zooplankton and aquatic insects. Preyed upon by fishes, kingfishers and mergansers (Ref. 1998). Spawning occurs in spring or early summer (Ref. 1998). Used as bait in parts of Ontario and Quebec (Ref. 1998).
A female attracts a few males with her darting movements. Together, the group dives into a mass of filamentous algae and release sperm and nonadhesive eggs. The group spawns in several algal masses.
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Aquarium: public aquariums; bait: occasionally
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 1.0 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tmax=3).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100).