Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Osteoglossiformes
(Bony tongues) > Mormyridae
Etymology: Petrocephalus: Latin, petra = stone + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335). More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 5.0 - ?. Tropical; 22°C - 24°C (Ref. 12468)
Africa: widespread in the Congo River basin, from the rapids just below Pool Malebo (Ref. 85331) to the upper Lualaba (Ref. 45616), in Central African Republic (Ref. 113655), Republic of Congo (Ref. 85331), Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 4910, 41585, 45441, 106245, 106290) and Angola (Ref. 11970, 120641).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11970)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 28 - 29. Petrocephalus christyi is distinguished from all other Petrocephalus species in Central Africa by the following combination of characteristics: dorsal fin with 22-24 branched rays, anal fin with 25-29 branched rays, eye large (HL/ED=3,1-4,2), mouth small, 9-13 teeth in the upper jaw, 17-22 teeth in the lower jaw (Ref. 85331). Melanin pattern consisting of two characteristic black patches: (1) a distinct round mark below the anterior base (first to the fifth rays) of the dorsal fin; and (2) a somewhat diffuse crescent-like mark, centered at the base of the caudal fin and extending onto the fleshy dorsal and ventral lobes of this fin (Ref. 85331).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gosse, J.-P., 1984. Mormyridae. p. 63-122. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3203)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00704 - 0.03738), b=2.83 (2.65 - 3.01), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .