Teleostei (teleosts) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins; tetras) > Stethaprioninae
Etymology: Petitella: French, petit = small, diminituve (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Géry & Boutière.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic; pH range: 5.5 - 7.0; dH range: ? - 12. Tropical; 22°C - 26°C (Ref. 1672)
South America: upper Amazon River basin in Peru; Purus, Negro, and Madeira River basins.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 38376)
This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: maxillary long and wide (vs. very short and round in bleheri and short in rhodostoma); premaxillary teeth in a single row (vs. two in bleheri, rhodostoma); dentary with 9-11 teeth with 5 cuspids (vs. 6, with 6-7 cuspids, followed by 1 or 2 tricuspidate ones in bleheri, and 5-6 with 5 cuspids, usually followed by 4 conical teeth in rhodostoma); black spot on lower posterior border of caudal peduncle absent (vs. present in bleheri, rhodostoma) (Ref. 127081)
Feeds on worms, small crustaceans and plant matter (Ref. 7020). Aquarium keeping: in groups of 5 or more individuals; minimum aquarium size 80 cm (Ref. 51539).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lima, F.C.T., L.R. Malabarba, P.A. Buckup, J.F. Pezzi da Silva, R.P. Vari, A. Harold, R. Benine, O.T. Oyakawa, C.S. Pavanelli, N.A. Menezes, C.A.S. Lucena, M.C.S.L. Malabarba, Z.M.S. Lucena, R.E. Reis, F. Langeani, C. Moreira et al. …, 2003. Genera Incertae Sedis in Characidae. p. 106-168. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 38376)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Aquarium: highly commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00548 - 0.02637), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.32 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).