Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Smiliogastrinae
Etymology: Pethia: Pethia is the generic vernacular name for small cyprinids in Sinhala.; longicauda: The species name 'longicauda' is Latin for long tail in reference to its long caudal peduncle. Gender feminine.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Asia: Hiranyakeshi River in Maharashtra, India.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 96889)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8;
Vertebrae: 30. The following combination of characters separate this species from all its congeners: caudal peduncle distinct, long and shallow; lateral line incomplete; lateral-line pored scales ceasing after 5th or 6th lateral-line scale; 22-24 scales in lateral series; ½3/1/3½ transverse scale rows; no barbels; lips well developed with a distinct lateral fold on snout; first ceratobranchial with 13-14 rakers; dorsal fin origin closer to the snout tip than to base of the caudal peduncle; 5 predorsal neural spines; dark-black humeral spot covering 3rd and 4th lateral-line scales and extending to one scale above the lateral-line row; caudal peduncle with two black blotches with first one distinct, covering 16th-18th scale in lateral series, and second one hazy, covering 20th-22nd scales in lateral series (Ref. 96889).
Inhabits flooded temporary pools, riffles and runs with boulders and gravel as substratum with riparian vegetation. Occurs together with other species of Salmostoma, Devario, Danio, Rasbora and Acanthocobitis (Ref. 96889).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Katwate, U., M.S. Paingankar, R. Raghavan and N. Dahanukar, 2014. Pethia longicauda, a new species of barb (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from the northern Western Ghats, India. Zootaxa 3846(2):235-248. (Ref. 96889)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .