Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Teleostei (teleosts) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Smiliogastrinae
Etymology: Pethia: Pethia is the generic vernacular name for small cyprinids in Sinhala.; didi: Derived from the name of authors' son didi, meaning earth in Mandarin Chinese, in reference to the habit of the fish which is steady on earth; noun in apposition..
More on authors: Kullander & Fang.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.5 - ?. Tropical; 23°C - ? (Ref. 54351)
Asia: northern Myanmar.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 54351)
soft rays: 8;
Vertebrae: 29 - 31. A member of the Puntius conchonius group and is most similar to P. cumingii, P. meingangbii and P. tiantian by having a dark vertical bar anteriorly on side and a dark round blotch on caudal peduncle. Differs from P. cumingii by 12 vs. 10 circumpeduncular scales and 3 1/2 vs. 4 1/2 scales above midline; from P. meingangbii by 40.4-48.2% SL vs. 33.3-39.6% SL body depth of adults; and from geographically close P. tiantian by having last unbranched dorsal fin ray thick and strongly serrated instead of slender, flexible and with short serrations posteriorly, body depth 40.4-48.2% SL vs. 35.4-39.8% SL, dorsal fin length 26.6-31.8% SL vs. 23.2-26.0% SL, lateral line limited to six to seven, rarely up to ten anterior scales, vs. continued to caudal fin base, and males with two series of black marks in dorsal fin and one series of black marks in anal fin, vs. a single dark bank in each fin in male P. tiantian. Distinguished form P. phutunio by wider infraorbitals 3+4, extending posteriorly to the margin of the preopercle instead of only halfway to the preopercle, 12 vs. 10 circumpeduncular scales, absence of a dark blotch anteriorly at the base of the dorsal fin, and absence of a dark bank extending obliquely rostrad and ventrad from immediately posterior to the dorsal fin base (Ref. 54351).
Inhabits stream with fast flowing, clear, brownish water and with bottom consisted of mud mixed with stones (Ref. 54351).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pethiyagoda, R., M. Meegaskumbura and K. Maduwage, 2012. A synopsis of the South Asian fishes referred to Puntius (Pisces: Cyprinidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 23(1):69-95. (Ref. 91036)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00528 - 0.02384), b=3.00 (2.82 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).