Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Teleostei (teleosts) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Smiliogastrinae
Etymology: Pethia: Pethia is the generic vernacular name for small cyprinids in Sinhala..
More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 5.5 - 6.5; dH range: ? - 15. Tropical; 22°C - 27°C (Ref. 13371); 8°N - 6°N
Asia: endemic to Sri Lanka. Occurs mainly at the south western wet zone, from the Kelani to the Gin basins. Range extends north of the Kelani, into the swamps around Gampaha (Attanagalu Oya) and northwards. Introduced into the Perdeniya Gardens in the Mahaweli basin and is well established between Gampola and Ginigathena (Sri Lanka).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6028)
Yellow finned variety usually occurs in flowing water and stays close to the substrate (sand to boulders). Red finned variety inhabits slow flowing waters of marshes in the Kelani Valley foothills, associated with mud or silt bottoms. Forms medium sized shoals. Matures at 3 cm and spawns during rainy season (Ref. 6468). Feeds on green algae, plankton and detritus (Ref. 6469). Population with strongly bifurcate caudal fin from introduced Mahaweli stock (Ref. 6470).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pethiyagoda, R., 1991. Freshwater fishes of Sri Lanka. The Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka, Colombo. 362 p. (Ref. 6028)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00528 - 0.02384), b=3.00 (2.82 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.23 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).