Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acropomatiformes
(Oceanic basses) > Pentacerotidae
(Armorheads) > Pentacerotinae
Etymology: Pentaceros: Greek, pente = five + Greek, keras = horn (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 37 - 460 m (Ref. 9563), usually 300 - ? m. Deep-water; 13°S - 54°S, 112°E - 109°W
Indo-Pacific: southern Australia and New Zealand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.5 cm NG male/unsexed; (Ref. 89467)
Found on the continental shelf and slope, usually in depths greater than 300 m (Ref. 9563).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p. (Ref. 4537)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 8.6 - 15.8, mean 11.4 °C (based on 39 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5157 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 36.4 [18.6, 72.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.391 [0.225, 0.720] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.8 [16.7, 19.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.329 [0.174, 0.629] g/100g ; Selenium = 16.6 [7.2, 35.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 8.54 [1.89, 36.93] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.47 [0.31, 0.71] mg/100g (wet weight);