Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Pentanchidae
Etymology: Parmaturus: parma (L.), from parme (Gr.), small shield; oura (Gr.), tail, presumably referring to upper edge of caudal fin “armed with modified” scales (per Garman 1913). (See ETYFish); lanatus: Latin for “soft like wool,” referring to the velvety feel of its skin. (See ETYFish).
More on authors: Séret & Last.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range ? - 855 m (Ref. 74543). Deep-water
Western Pacific: Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 36.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 74543)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This scyliorhinid catshark has the following set of characters: soft body, with velvety skin, long-cusped, tricuspidate denticles; plain brownish coloration; crests of small denticles (not enlarged) on the upper and lower caudal fin and peduncle margins; teeth are mainly quadricuspidate, about 90 rows in both jaws; first dorsal fin forward of mid-length, pre-first dorsal length 44.4% TL; pelvic fins and vent well in front of mid-length, pre-pelvic length 40.0% TL and pre-vent length 44.2% TL; relatively short snout, prenarial length 4.7% TL; relatively long mouth, its length 5.0% TL; labial furrows rudimentary; head longer than the abdomen, length 21.4% TL, pectoral-pelvic length 16.9% TL; dorsal fins are elevated, with anterior margins of first 9.2% and second 10.3% TL; subterminal caudal lobe developed, subterminal margin length 4.7% TL, terminal margin length 5.3% TL; 46 monospondylous centra; 85 precaudal centra, 134 total centra (Ref. 74543).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Séret, B. and P. Last, 2007. Four new species of deep-water catsharks of the genus Parmaturus (Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae) from New Caledonia, Indonesia and Australia. Zootaxa 2007:1-17. (Ref. 74543)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00355 (0.00173 - 0.00727), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100).