Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Paraqianlabeo: Dervied from a combination of the Latin word Para (beside; beyond or outside; associated with) and Qian (abbreviation for Guizhou Province), where the type species was collected, and the Latin word Labeo, a generic name and commonly utilized suffix for Labeoninae genera.; lineatus: The specific name is from the Latin lineatus, meaning lined, in reference to the longitudinal dark stripe along the side of the body.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
Asia: Wu-Jiang and Chishui-He rivers, Yangtze River basin in Guizhou Province, China.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 96827)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8. Paraqianlabeo lineatus can be diagnosed by having longitudinal dark stripe along side of body. It possesses a uniquely modified oromandibular morphology; i.e., arched, wide, rudimentary sucker formed by raised front and lateral margins of lower lip, postlabial groove and mental groove between middle and lateral lobes of lower lip chevron-shaped. Other unique combination of characters useful to identify this species include: anteroventral margin of rostral cap arched, thin and papillose; rostral cap not overlying upper lip, upper lip connected with lower lip around corners of mouth; well developed upper lip free from upper jaw; lower lip divided into two lateral fleshy lobes and one central plate, these two lateral fleshy lobes small and short, median lobe of lower lip large; anterior and anterolateral edges of upper and lower lip finely papillose; shallow, straight groove between lower lip and lower jaw; lower jaw bearing thin, cornified cutting edge; scales in ventral medial region from pectoral fins to pelvic fins half-hidden and subcutaneous; 3 scale rows below lateral line; and 7½-8 branched dorsal-fin rays (Ref. 96827).
Found in hill streams with clear water and sluggish flow over gravel substrate. Observed to swim slowly and hide among the rocks. Collected together with only two other cyprinid species: Carassius auratus and Pseudorasbora parva (Ref. 96827).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Zhao, H.-T., J.P. Sullivan, Y.-G. Zhang and Z.-G. Peng, 2014. Paraqianlabeo lineatus, a new genus and species of labeonine fishes (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from South China. Zootaxa 3841(2):257-270. (Ref. 96827)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00323 - 0.01483), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .