Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 1 - 27 m (Ref. 75058). Tropical
Western Pacific: Australia and New Caledonia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75058); 11.4 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 16 - 17. This species of is characterized by the following: pectoral fin rays, usually 18; lower cheek region with 2-6 oblique brownish bands; lower portion of the body in males with 3-4 ocelli and a series of several blackish and brownish spots; B5 spot on cheek absent, 7-8 ocelli and brownish spots or patches between ocelli in females and juveniles (Ref. 75058).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Imamura, H. and T. Yoshino, 2007. Three new species of the genus Parapercis from the Western Pacific, with Rediscription of Parapercis hexophtalma (Perciformes:Pinguipedidae). Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci. Ser. A, Suppl. 1:81-100. (Ref. 75058)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 24.4 - 28.8, mean 26.8 °C (based on 552 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00311 - 0.01538), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 172 [100, 289] mg/100g; Iron = 0.934 [0.547, 1.530] mg/100g; Protein = 16.8 [14.7, 18.6] %; Omega3 = 0.147 [0.074, 0.280] g/100g; Selenium = 47.1 [22.0, 97.9] μg/100g; VitaminA = 42.8 [13.8, 126.1] μg/100g; Zinc = 1.6 [1.1, 2.2] mg/100g (wet weight);