Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Ambassidae
Etymology: Parambassis: Greek, para = near + Greek, ambassis, anabasis = climbing up (Ref. 45335). More on author: Hamilton.
Place in the genus Pseudambassis Bleeker, 1874 in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. May 2011: Ref. 86870).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; demersal; pH range: 7.0 - 8.0; dH range: 9 - 19; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 20°C - 30°C (Ref. 1672); 38°N - 1°N
Asia: Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia (Ref. 4833) and Nepal (Ref. 9496).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 118195)
Found in sluggish and standing water. A common species proliferating in impoundments. Most abundant during the rainy season. Feeds on invertebrates (Ref. 12693), worms and crustaceans (Ref. 7020). Breeds everywhere during the rains. Builds a nest and guards its young. Rare in markets and often found in the aquarium trade (Ref. 12693). Aquarium keeping: in groups of 5 or more individuals; minimum aquarium size 60 cm (Ref. 51539).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Produces up to 500 eggs.
Roberts, T.R., 1994. Systematic revision of tropical Asian freshwater glassperches (Ambassidae), with descriptions of three new species. Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc. 42:263-290. (Ref. 10429)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; aquarium: commercial
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00900 - 0.02430), b=2.93 (2.79 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.32 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity. Fec=500.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 800 [424, 1,486] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.53 [0.90, 2.55] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.3 [14.6, 18.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.589 [0.256, 1.302] g/100g ; Selenium = 33.7 [12.0, 95.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 65.2 [25.9, 172.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.93 [1.29, 3.17] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.