Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 20 - 4009 m (Ref. 58496), usually 1000 - 1850 m (Ref. 4702). Deep-water; 80°N - 50°N, 81°W - 33°E
Arctic to Northeast Atlantic: Norwegian Sea and Greenland; also Faroe Trough, north of Faroe Islands, east of Iceland, south of Jan Mayen Island and west of Bear Islands (Ref. 4702).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4702)
Occurs in deep, cold water (Ref. 4702). Maximum depth reported at 4009 m (Ref. 58426). Epibenthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on pelagic amphipods, benthic gastropods, and mysids (Ref. 4702).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Nielsen, J.G. and E. Bertelsen, 1992. Fisk i grønlandske farvande. Atuakkiorfik, Nuuk. 65 s. (Ref. 9925)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 3.2 - 6.2, mean 3.7 °C (based on 430 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00237 - 0.01161), b=3.15 (2.96 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100).